Solaris (Russian: Ð¡Ð¾Ð»ÑÑÐ¸Ñ, translit. Solyaris) is a 1972 Russian film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky. It is based on the novel of the same name by Polish science fiction author StanisÅaw Lem. The film features Natalya Bondarchuk, Donatas Banionis, JÃ¼ri JÃ¤rvet, Nikolai Grinko and Anatoly Solonitsyn and has a soundtrack by Eduard Artemyev. Solaris is a meditative psychodrama that is set mostly on a space station in orbit around a planet called "Solaris". The scientific mission on the space station has fallen into a crisis. Psychologist Kris Kelvin travels to the station to evaluate and explore the situation, but soon experiences the same kind of hallucinations that have befallen the other crew members. The film concentrates on the thoughts and the conscience of its characters and is a "drama of grief and partial recovery". Solaris and its complex and slow storytelling has sometimes been contrasted with Western science fiction films, which rely on special effects and an imagined version of the future. Solaris was a critical success. The film was presented at the 1972 Cannes Film Festival and won the Grand Prix SpÃ©cial du Jury and the FIPRESCI prize and was nominated for the Palme d'Or. Another film adaption of the novel by StanisÅaw Lem directed by Steven Soderbergh was released in 2002 to neither its predecessor's critical nor commercial success.